environmentalism grew out of the West to become a major global movement, nor does he bother with Turner's. Weber, The Spanish Frontier in North America (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992 12-3; William Cronon, George Miles, and Jay Gitlin, Becoming West: Toward a New Meaning for Western History, chapter in Under an Open Sky: Rethinking Americas Western Past,. 'My argument in Casper was that this region has had an advanced curriculum in failure Limerick said during my visit to her home, a bungalow in the shadows of the Rocky Mountain foothills. On the issue of Indians, the New Western Historians are still less coherent. It is the first narrowly focused, deep environmental study of one area (208 square miles) over a long period of time.9 Beginning his study at the last glaciation, some 25,000 years ago, White finds that all humansIndians and whitesuse the environment to better their own. He describes his entry into the historians' ranks as a kind of happy accident arising out of his 60's political activism. The revisionists have captured the textbooks, and they have written multiple histories for every imaginable segment in our diverse society.
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But because the revisionists' timing was right, they've moved the center a lot further, at least among the historians and the writers of history texts, and thus in the teaching of history. The curriculum fights at Stanford and the effort to write a history of the West that stresses darker themes are symptomatic of a basic change in American universities that has occurred over the last 20 years. A lot of old timers knew how hard it was and how many were defeated by the effort. In the old Western history, the only costs were the obstacles that had to be overcome. But even these skeptics allow that the new scholarship represents a point of view, an attitude about the country, that in at least one key and potentially controversial respect marks it off from much of the revisionist scholarship on America that has appeared in the. Norton, 1987 17, 293-321. But it is useful to bear in mind that, just as Turner and the Turnerians were products of their time, the most optimistic period in American history, so too are the new historians.